criticism


criticism
criticism, critique, review, blurb, puff are comparable when meaning a discourse (as an essay or report) presenting one's conçlusions after examining a work of art and especially of literature. None of these terms has a clearly established and narrowly delimited meaning, but, in general, each can be distinguished from the others with reference to its leading implications and its place in usage.
Criticism is of all these terms the most nearly neutral and the least capable of carrying derogatory connotations. The proper aim and the content of a criticism have never been definitely fixed and are still subjects of controversy, but the term usually implies an author who is expected to have expert knowledge in his field, a clear definition of his standards of judgment, and an intent to evaluate the work under consideration
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read every criticism of a new play the day following its first per- formance

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Criticism is more often applied to the art, craft, or collective writings of such writers or speakers than to the individual article
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this feeling, that contemporary judgments are apt to turn out a little ludicrous . . . has converted much criticism of late from judgment pronounced into impression recorded— Galsworthy

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I go on the assumption that a review is simply a short piece of criticism, and that it should be as good criticism as its writer can make it— Matthiessen

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Because of this tendency to restrict the use of criticism to its general sense, critique is sometimes preferred as a designation of a critical essay, especially of one dealing with a literary work; but currently it is often avoided as an affectation
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Jeffrey's critiques in the Edinburgh Review

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Review is now the common designation of a more or less informal critical essay dealing particularly with new or recent books and plays. The term is frequently preferred by newspaper and magazine critics as a more modest designation of their articles than criticism or critique and as permitting less profound or exhaustive treatment or as requiring only a personal rather than a final judgment of the merits and faults of the work. Review generally suggests literary criticism of a less pretentious kind, giving in general a summary of a book's contents and the impressions it produces on the reviewer
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the Sunday editions of many newspapers have a supplement devoted to book reviews

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Blurb is applied chiefly to a publisher's description of a work printed usually on the jacket of a book for the purposes of advertisement
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as a term of reprobation for fulsomeness on the "jackets," or dust- cloaks, of new books, blurb is a peach of the first order— Montague

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Puff, a word once common for any unduly flattering account (as of a book or play), in current use applies especially to a review that seems obviously animated by a desire to promote the sale of a book or the success of a play regardless of its real merits or to one that is markedly uncritical in its flattering comments
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puffs . . . with which booksellers sometimes embroider their catalogs— John Carter

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New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Criticism — is the judgement of the merits and faults of the work or actions of an individual or group by another (the critic). To criticize does not necessarily imply to find fault, but the word is often taken to mean the simple expression of an objection… …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism — Crit i*cism (kr?t ? s?z m), n. 1. The rules and principles which regulate the practice of the critic; the art of judging with knowledge and propriety of the beauties and faults of a literary performance, or of a production in the fine arts; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • criticism — CRITICÍSM s.n. 1. Denumire dată de Kant şi de adepţii săi propriei lor doctrine filozofice, care considera că orice filozofie şi orice cunoaştere trebuie precedată de o critică a capacităţii de cunoaştere însăşi. 2. Tendinţă exagerată de a… …   Dicționar Român

  • criticism — in everyday use means ‘finding fault’, although strictly criticism can be favourable as well as unfavourable. The sense is more neutral in terms such as literary criticism and textual criticism …   Modern English usage

  • Criticism of C++ — Criticism of the C++ programming language refers to critical commentary directed at the C++ programming language, an evolution of the C programming language. Some of the criticism of the C programming language is relevant to C++ as well. Legacy C …   Wikipedia

  • criticism — I noun abuse, accusation, admonition, adverse comment, analysis, animadversion, aspersion, blame, carping, caviling, censure, charge, chiding, commentary, complaining, complaint, condemnation, contravention, critical examination, critical remarks …   Law dictionary

  • criticism — [n1] interpretation, analysis appraisal, appreciation, assessment, comment, commentary, critique, elucidation, essay, estimate, evaluation, examination, exposition, judgment, notice, observation, opinion, pan*, rating, rave*, review, reviewal,… …   New thesaurus

  • criticism — c.1600, action of criticizing, from CRITIC (Cf. critic) + ISM (Cf. ism). Meaning art of estimating literary worth is from 1670s …   Etymology dictionary

  • criticism — ► NOUN 1) expression of disapproval; finding fault. 2) the critical assessment of literary or artistic works …   English terms dictionary

  • criticism — [krit′ə siz΄əm] n. 1. the act of making judgments; analysis of qualities and evaluation of comparative worth; esp., the critical consideration and judgment of literary or artistic work 2. a comment, review, article, etc. expressing such analysis… …   English World dictionary


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